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I Robot Essay

1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

2. A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

--Isaac Asimov's I, Robot

'I, Robot" takes place in Chicago circa 2035, a city where spectacular new skyscrapers share the skyline with landmarks like the Sears (but not the Trump) Tower. The tallest of the buildings belongs to U.S. Robotics, and on the floor of its atrium lobby lies the dead body of its chief robot designer, apparently a suicide.


Det. Del Spooner is on the case. Will Smith plays Spooner, a Chicago Police Department detective who doesn't think it's suicide. He has a deep-seated mistrust of robots, despite the famous Three Laws of Robotics, which declare above all that a robot must not harm a human being.

The dead man is Dr. Alfred Lanning (James Cromwell), who, we are told, wrote the Three Laws. Every schoolchild knows the laws were set down by the good doctor Isaac Asimov, after a conversation he had on Dec. 23, 1940, with John W. Campbell, the legendary editor of Astounding Science Fiction. It is peculiar that no one in the film knows that, especially since the film is "based on the book by Isaac Asimov." Would it have killed the filmmakers to credit Asimov?

Asimov's robot stories were often based on robots that got themselves hopelessly entangled in logical contradictions involving the laws. According to the invaluable Wikipedia encyclopedia on the Web, Harlan Ellison and Asimov collaborated in the 1970s on an "I, Robot" screenplay, which, the good doctor said, would produce "the first really adult, complex, worthwhile science fiction movie ever made."

While that does not speak highly for "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968), it is certain that the screenplay for this film, by Jeff Vintar and Akiva Goldsman, is not adult, complex or worthwhile, although it is indeed science fiction. The director is Alex Proyas, whose great "Dark City" (1998) was also about a hero trying to make sense of the deceptive natures of the beings around him.

The movie makes Spooner into another one of those movie cops who insults the powerful, races recklessly around town, gets his badge pulled by his captain, solves the crime and survives incredible physical adventures. In many of these exploits he is accompanied by Dr. Susan Calvin (Bridget Moynahan), whose job at U.S. Robotics is "to make the robots seem more human."

At this she is not very successful. The movie's robots are curiously uninvolving as individuals, and when seen by the hundreds or thousands look like shiny chromium ants. True, a robot need not have much of a personality, but there is one robot, named Sonny and voiced by Alan Tudyk, who is more advanced than the standard robot, more "human," and capable of questions like "What am I?" -- a question many movie characters might profitably ask themselves.


If Sonny doesn't have real feelings, he comes as close to them as any of the humans in the movie. Both Spooner and Calvin are kept in motion so relentlessly that their human sides get overlooked, except for a touching story Spooner tells about how a little girl dies because a robot was too logical. Sonny doesn't seem as "human" as, say, Andrew, the robot played by Robin Williams in "Bicentennial Man" (1999), based on a robot story by Asimov and Robert Silverberg. But his voice has a certain poignancy, and suggests some the chilly chumminess of HAL 9000.

The plot I will not detail, except to note that you already know from the ads that the robots are up to no good, and Spooner could write a lot of tickets for Three Laws violations.

The plot is simple-minded and disappointing, and the chase and action scenes are pretty much routine for movies in the sci-fi CGI genre. The robots never seem to have the heft and weight of actual metallic machines, and make boring villains.

Dr. Susan Calvin is one of those handy movie characters who knows all the secrets, can get through all the doors, can solve all the problems and helps Spooner move almost at will through the Robotics skyscraper, which seems curiously ill-guarded. When they team up against the eventual villain, it's an obvious ploy to create yet another space where characters can fall for hundreds of feet and somehow save themselves.

As for the robots, they function like the giant insects in "Starship Troopers," as video game targets. You can't even be mad at them, since they're only programs. Although, come to think of it, you can be mad at programs; Microsoft Word has inspired me to rage far beyond anything these robots engender.

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These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. We are thankful of their contributions and encourage you to make your own.

The narrator is Susan Calvin, who has worked at US Robots and Mechanical Men, Inc for fifty years and has decided to explain her reasons for retiring.

She begins with the talking about Robbie, a robot nursemaid for Gloria. Gloria’s mother detests robots as do a large proportion of the community and as such she conspires to get rid of it. This makes Gloria sad and so to teach her that robots are not really human and therefore should not be considered as that, her parents take her to a factory where Robbie is working. Gloria tried to get to Robbie and puts herself in danger, thereby triggering Robbie to save her and causing everyone to appreciate robots.

The story then jumps to 2015 where Powell and Donovan have been stranded on Planet Mercury and need to fix their generator, but have a useless robot called Speedy at their aid. However, Speedy manages to come to their aid and everyone celebrates him.

Months later, Powell and Donovan want Cutie, another robot, to take over control of a section of the space station, where energy is beamed down to Earth. However, because Cutie is a robot, he has no belief in the existence of Earth, and therefore does not believe in the concept of it. However, eh believes in the concept of the power converter and as such begins to make it his idol of worship. Everyone accepts this since it is doing no harm.

Another few months later, Donovan and Powell are trying to help another robot, Dave, manage other robots as part f his job. However, Dave becomes scared leading people. Donovan and Powell therefore try to change this by shooting another Robot and getting Dave to save him. Everyone is pleased by Dave’s efforts.

In 2021, Herbie a robot is built with the ability to read minds. However, because the First Law of robots is to not hurt people, Herbie tells people what they want to hear to stop hurting them. People begin to get angry at robots.

In 2029, Susan is working on an anomaly robot who has been altered to avoid the Laws and is in hiding. He outsmarts them and almost gets away but is captured.

In 2032, Stephen Byerley is accused of being a robot and is tasked with disobeying the three Laws in order to prove he isn’t. He ends up hitting someone in the crowd, which proves he is human. However, Calvin believes he is a robot because robots can harm other robots, just not humans. However, no one contests this and Stephen is considered a human.

In 2052, robots are leaders of the world’s economy and have practically taken over.

The interview at the end notes that Calvin died in 2064 and nobody knows how she spent her retirement years.

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