Declarative sentences are simply statements that relay information. They are the most common type of sentences in the English language. A declarative sentence states the facts and lets the reader know something specific. It always ends with a period.
Types of Declarative Sentences
A declarative sentence is written in the present tense and expresses a direct statement. It can be simple or compound. A simple declarative sentence consists of a subject and a predicate.
Some examples of simple declarative sentences are:
- He runs.
- She sings.
- I like climbing.
- Fran is sad.
- My cat is black.
- Dogs are cute.
- He is eight years old.
- The sky is blue.
- He loves pizza.
- The car is white.
- Ice is cold.
A compound declarative sentence joins two related phrases together. The phrases are joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, yet, or but. The phrases can also be joined by a semicolon, with or without a transition word such as however, besides or therefore. Some examples of compound declarative sentences are:
- He wanted to play football, but she wanted to play basketball.
- Marie loves the beach, yet she hates sand.
- She plays the piano, and he sings along.
- She had to make the next flight; she quickly packed her bag.
- The house has new windows; however, the roof still leaks.
- It had rained for days; the town was flooded.
Different Sentences for Different Purposes
Declarative sentences are the basic building blocks of conversation and writing. To ask a question, make a command or an exclamation you would use a different type of sentence: interrogative, imperative or exclamatory. You can see the difference in these examples:
Interrogative sentences are questions asked in order to obtain information. They end in a question mark.
Interrogative: Did he eat lunch? Declarative: He ate lunch.
Imperative sentences can either end in a period or exclamation point. They are used to express commands or requests.
Imperative: Sit down! Declarative: She sits down.
Exclamatory sentences may have the same words as a declarative but the punctuation is different. The exclamation point gives the sentence more feeling.
Exclamatory: I'm tired! Declarative: I'm tired.
Examples of Declarative Sentences
The following are more examples of declarative sentences. As you will see, all declaratives end in a period and are informative statements. They can also express an opinion.
- She leaves for college tomorrow morning.
- The weather is warm and sunny; a perfect day for a picnic.
- She wears red nail polish.
- The room smells clean.
- I love my cat.
- My family is driving to the beach for the long weekend.
- The airplane flew over the gleaming ocean.
- She is my friend.
- His shoes were brand new, and now they are missing.
- The dog chased the boy.
- It is a nice day.
- Her sister is sick; therefore, she is not at school today.
- The grass is green after the rain.
- She loves the mountains; he hates the long drive.
- My new dress is black and white.
- My brother loves to run, but my sister prefers to walk.
- My phone is missing.
- The teacher is going on a well-earned vacation.
- Her coat is ripped.
- The baby is hungry; she is eagerly drinking a bottle of milk.
State the Facts
Now we know that declarative sentences make a statement that simply gives the facts or an opinion and end in a period. They tell the reader what is going on in a direct way. Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentences and are found in most writing, from creative or business. When you want to get the facts across with little fanfare, you will use a declarative sentence.
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Declarative Sentence Examples
By YourDictionaryDeclarative sentences are simply statements that relay information. They are the most common type of sentences in the English language. A declarative sentence states the facts and lets the reader know something specific. It always ends with a period.
1. What is a Declarative Sentence?
A declarative sentence is a sentence that makes a statement – in other words, it declares something. This kind of sentence is used to share information – for instance, stating your point of view or a fact. Of the four kinds of sentences (declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory), it is by far the most common.
Think about your communication in daily life. Most of our communication is to give other people information. We tell people what we want, we give them answers to questions, we share ideas we have, tell people our opinions… in short, we are making declarations about the world as we see it. This kind of communication is what declarative sentences are for.
Do we only communicate to make declarations? No, of course not – we also ask questions, have emotional outbursts, and say things with a lot of emotion behind them. This type of communication is done with interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory sentences. But most of the time, people communicate by simply stating what is on their mind.
2. Examples of Declarative Sentences
Toto, I’ve got a feeling we’re not in Kansas anymore. – Dorothy, in The Wizard of Oz
Dorothy speaks this declarative sentence to her dog after they arrive in Oz. She is informing Toto what she believes. (Whether or not Toto understands Dorothy is debatable.)
Elementary, my dear Watson. -Sherlock Holmes
This example for declarative sentence was often used by Holmes to inform his assistant, Watson, that the solution to a mystery was quite simple to discover. He is stating his point of view.
I don’t like to gamble, but if there’s one thing I’m willing to bet on, it’s myself. -Beyoncé
In this sentence, Beyoncé declares her confidence in herself. She is stating that she will take risks because she believes in her abilities.
3. Parts of a Declarative Sentence.
The parts of a declarative sentence are the same as those for any sentence: it must have a subject and a predicate.
A subject is what the sentence is about. It is a noun or pronoun, and in a declarative sentence it comes at the beginning of the main clause.
A predicate includes the verb plus any other information in the clause or sentence.
Examples (subject in red, predicate in green)
- The dog is sleeping on the couch.
- Studying makes taking a test easier.
- Amphibians spend part of their lives in the water and part on land.
So, what part of declarative sentence makes it different from the other kinds of sentences? The end punctuation: a declarative sentence ends with a period.
4. How to Write a Declarative Sentence
a. End in a Period
As mentioned in part 3, a declarative sentence ends with a period. If a sentence ends with a different punctuation mark, you are looking at a different kind of sentence.
I am hungry
This simple sentence is a declarative sentence. But watch what happens if we change the end punctuation mark:
I am hungry!
This simple sentence is no longer a declarative sentence – the exclamation point makes it an exclamatory sentence! A declarative sentence is simply a statement without a strong emotional component. On the other hand, the exclamation point at the end of an exclamatory sentence expresses that that speaker or writer has a strong feeling or emotion attached to it. So, declarative sentences cannot end in exclamation marks!
b. Just Share Information
Please don’t give the dog chocolate.
This is an imperative sentence and should not be confused with a declarative sentence. One of the functions of an imperative sentence is to make requests. So although the example sentence ends in a period, it is making a request by using the word “don’t”. It would be used, for instance, if you were creating the rules for a new dog sitter. So this sentence is not just sharing information, and it is not a declarative sentence.
c. The Subject Comes before the Verb
Another point to notice is that in a declarative sentence, the subject comes before the verb. This is different than an interrogative sentence, where the verb often comes before the subject.
Penelope is from a small town.
This is another simple, declarative sentence.
Is Penelope from a small town?
Here, two things have changed: the end punctuation mark is now a question mark, and the order of the subject (Penelope) and the verb (is) has changed. Therefore, the second sentence is an interrogative, not a declarative, sentence. So when writing a sentence, remember the correct word order.
Overall, the declarative sentence is by far the most common type of sentence. You can read entire pages of text and find no other kind of sentence. When read aloud, their tone is always relaxed and conversational.