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MINOR CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
Minor crime and punishment in small Elizabethan towns were dealt with by the Justice of the Peace. Many crimes during the Elizabethan era were due to a crime committed and the law broken due to the desperate acts of the poor. Every town parish was responsible for the poor and unemployed within that parish. The Justice of the Peace for each town parish was allowed to collect a tax from those who owned land in the town. This was called the Poor Rate which was used to help the poor during the Elizabethan period.
MINOR CRIME AND PUNISHMENT - EVEN TRAVEL AND ACTING IN ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND WAS A CRIME WITHOUT A LICENCE.
People did not travel around a lot during the Tudor and Elizabethan era. Travelling during the Elizabethan era could be dangerous, money was necessary and a license, obtained from the Bailiff in the Guild Hall, was required by anyone who needed to travel around England - it was a crime to travel without a licence. This law ensured that the spread of disease, especially the plague, was contained as much as possible and that the poor and the homeless did not travel from one village to another village - an Elizabethan ploy to lower the crime and punishment levels in England. Strangers were treated with suspicion and risked being accused of crimes and suffered the appropriate punishment. Elizabethan Actors were treated with as much suspicion as beggars. Anyone who needed to travel to earn their living, such as actors, were treated with suspicion and could therefore be expected to be accused of crimes. An actors standing in Elizabethan England was only slightly higher than a beggar, vagabond or a thief. When plays started to become more popular rich nobles, or high ranking courtiers of the land, acted as their sponsors. It was soon decreed that licenses should be granted to legitimise certain Acting Troupes. This raised the actors status somewhat and lead to fewer accusations of crimes. A license also had to be granted by Town Councillors when a troupe of actors came to town. Many actors received punishments for real and sometimes imaginary crimes which included the punishment of branding with red hot irons.
Interesting Facts and Information about Elizabethan England and Elizabethan Crime and Punishment
Some interesting facts and information about Elizabethan England and Elizabethan Crime and Punishment
Elizabethan Elizabethan Crime and Punishment
Details, facts and information about the Elizabethan Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England can be accessed via the Elizabethan Era Sitemap.
Crime And Punishment In The Elizabethan Era
Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan Era
In February, 1587, Queen Elizabeth had ordered her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scotts, to her execution to eliminate all possibilities of any threats to her throne. This event would reflect the relentless violence and unforgiving punishments of the judicial system in Elizabethan Era. Criminals during Queen Elizabeth’s reign in England, known as the Elizabethan Era, were subject to harsh, violent punishments for their crimes. England was separated into two social classes, which were the nobility, and the commoners. Within each class, the punishments were defined by the class and type of crime that had been committed. Under the Tudor rule, the punishments dating back to the middle ages were revived. Such gruesome punishments were carried out to strike fear into the hearts of the English citizens and lower crime rate. There were a wide range of crimes that a person could be prosecuted for, and even included the act of witchcraft and alchemy. Of course, today the American court system would find prosecutions of witchcraft and alchemy ridiculous. However, in the Elizabethan Era, people accused of even the most petty of crimes would be immediately placed in prison to await their sentences, often resulting in death. Public executions were a common practice, and were often a form of entertainment for a crowd of spectators. Often considered as the “Golden Age” in English history, England’s court systems became an essential part of society because cruel punishments were severe enough to strike fear into English citizens as well as demonstrating the influence and power of Queen Elizabeth’s rule.
The court system was used by Queen Elizabeth to display her power. There were three
categories in the court system. The people who were in these three categories were allowed to serve the queen. The courts consisted of a “...collection of privileged people serving the Queen – the members of the Privy Chamber, Royal Household and the Privy Council.” ( “The Elizabethan Court” ). Based on this piece of evidence, the court was made up of three sections: the Privy Chamber, Royal Household, and the Privy Council. The people who were a part of these categories were allowed by the queen to serve her. This means that not everybody was allowed to be a part of these parts of the court. This connects to the idea that the court system was the way Queen Elizabeth used to display her power because she allowed certain people to be a part of the court system.
There were many requirements to become a part of the court system. During the Elizabethan era, people who had an interest to become a part of the court system had to fulfill many requirements. One of her expectations was “... to be courted in the courtly love tradition, in which she was the available, but ultimately unobtainable, lady they wished to woo” ( “Court Life” ). This information says that Queen Elizabeth I expected men to treat her with love to be a part of the...
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