Everyone goes through some kind of depression on time or another in his or her life
(Cohen 20). Depression can be brought on by different events in someoneâs life. Traumatic
or life-altering events, such as, death of a loved, can cause depression. Biological factors can
also bring on depression in a personâs life, or depression may be caused by a clinical illness.
If the problem is not resolved, a person may commit suicide or may withdraw from friends or
family. Depression may make a person stop eating and that may lead to some serious
physical problems like, weight loss or may cause a heart attack. Although there are many
different treatments to the problem, it is hard to get someone with depression to get them to
help themselves. Therefore, people need to address the problem we all face. Not helping
someone with this problem can lead to some serious consequences.
Traumatic or life altering periods in someoneâs life such as death can also be a cause of
depression. For example, death in the family may cause major depression. Major depression
often causes despair and hopelessness (Cohen 20). In extreme cases, a person may want to
commit suicide. It is hard for someone to deal with a loss in the family. Some people just
cannot deal with the knowledge of never seeing a loved one again. Not only death may
cause depression, even stressful experiences, such as, divorce, pregnancy, and even the loss
of a job. These long periods of that stress may lead to depression. By taking away what is
normal to a person, changing their normal routine throughout the day, may lead to unneeded
stress. A person may not be able to deal with the problems they may be facing in their life
and may just withdraw from others. Things like pregnancy can also cause periods of
About twenty percent of women experience an episode of depression, know as postpartum depression, during and after pregnancy (Cohen 20). Including mood swings, fatigue, nausea, or sensitivity to smells, and weight gain, are all symptoms of being pregnant (Corfman). Women have certain periods where they become depressed all of a sudden. Since it is not advisable to take any kind of drug, moral support would be a good treatment. Their partner may just need to just encourage them or cheer them up.
There are many different clinical illnesses that also cause depression. Bipolar disorder is
one of the clinical illnesses that may cause depression. A personâs mood alternates between
extreme mania and depression (Cohen 20). A person with this disorder goes through massive
mood swings. When they are depressed, they experience painful negative thinking, and
indifference to things that used to bring them happiness. It is very hard to deal with a person
with bipolar disorder. It greatly affects the family life. It may even push away friends and
family that cannot deal with that personâs mood swings. It is very important for people who
are close to the individual with bipolar disorder to understand the disease.
Biological factors may also be a cause of depression. Lower levels of dopamine and
serotonin may aid in causing depression. Research in the 1960s suggested that depression
results form lower than normal levels of these neurotransmitters in parts of the brain
(Moeller). Both serotonin and dopamine control how chemical messages get form one part
to the next throughout the body. An imbalance in the chemical level can easily affect the
mood a person can be in. These imbalance in hormones all have an effect in the control of a
personâs mood. A slight change can cause a person to be sad or depressed.
The effects of long term depression in the case of a family member dying can be painful.
The depression may be so great that a person may actually commit suicide. A person may
feel unable to cope with their problems. They may feel that the only way to stop the pain is
death. They are most likely to suffer from mental illness or particularly severe depression
and to feel hopeless about the future. The United States, suicide ranks in the top ten causes
of death accounting for about 1.5 percent of all deaths (Berman).
The effects for all types of depression if severe enough would be suicide. For people
with mental illnesses, they just may continue to have depression throughout their lives.
There are some ways to help those with mental illnesses. They can be given an
antidepressant which may cause the depression to stop. They may also go through
psychotherapy to help themselves deal with depression on their own. In psychotherapy
individuals with emotional problems, behavioral problems, or mental illness try to discuss
their problems one-on-one with a therapist. It is the therapist job to discuss the personâs
problems and try and understand them and help change the personâs distressing thoughts,
feelings, or behaviors (Sharf).
Untreated effects of biological factors that cause depression may lead to an imbalance in
hormone levels. A person has hormones that control our metabolism and nervous system and
virtually every part to the human body. Changing the levels of the different hormone levels
can be fatal or cause discomfort in a personâs life. It is capable of regulating the hormone
levels with antidepressant drugs which works by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters
involved in depression (Guthrie). You can actually cure some types of depression with
There are many types of depression. There are many causes and effects of depression.
There are also many treatments of depression. It is what a person does to help themselves
that really counts. They need to get the help they need and not give up on life. We all have
different ways of dealing with this common state of mind. Some may need help while others
just have it for a few hours and life goes on. Depression is a problem that needs to be
addressed and help needs to be given to those who needs it the most.
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Throughout the nation and our world people are suffering from this disease. Depression effects people of both genders, all ages, and any background. People once believed that teens never went through any form of severe depression. Some still believe this to be true, but if it were why are teens homicidal and suicidal? This report should give support for the fact that a teen’s depression deserves attention, not the shrug of the shoulders or the turn of a back.
Depression is defined as the point or points is ones lifetime when they are mentally unstable and the emotional state marked by sadness, discouragement, and loss that can occur during the teenage years. Depression causes changes in behavior, thinking and especially changes in ones everyday life. “Depression amongst teens generally starts when a child hits puberty, but could possibly begin the day they were born if chemically inbalanced (heredity).” Dr. David Kalkstein, psychiatrist at Penn Foundation. Depression can effect anyone, anytime, and anywhere. Teens, children, and adults are all effected, some even have the same problems in common, the causes too. Depression is experienced mostly by teens even though it is mistakenly classified as an “adult illness”. “Twenty percent of high school students are deeply unhappy or have some kind of psychiatric problem.” The causes for depression in teens are sometimes more harsh than the causes in adults. In a teen’s lifetime they have to face many problems and sometimes they have to face these problems more than once. Teens have to deal with peer pressure problems at school, problems at home, the deaths of loved ones, and if they are already using drugs this could also be a cause. Many teens also have to deal with the point in their life when they wonder if they are attractive to other people, of the opposite sex. If they do believe that they are unattractive they will most likely feel as though they have failed at something. Then they will act as if they do not care anymore, then the uncaring attitude increases until they no longer care about much at all. Depression also comes after a teenager is trying to learn about himself or herself and understand their body, and their emotions towards others.
Sometimes these emotions have to deal with homosexuality and finding out whether or not they like people of the same gender. To many people the idea of homosexuality is disgusting and most people know how others feel about it, so when someone who thinks that he or she is gay, they feel out of place, especially if their family, friends, and loved ones are homophobic. Another cause of depression may be the Acne drug, Accutane. There was a study on this drug. Researchers have tested Accutane on one person and this person used it for a few months, then after a while signs of depression began to appear. When the drug had stopped being used by the person, the signs of the depression cleared. Another cause of depression is said to be smoking, and that most depressed teenager’s who are in fact depressed have been smoking. “Teens who smoked were at an increases risk of depression at a 73% higher rate than other teens.” Sometimes teens may be depressed and it will be easy for people to notice, this is not always the case. In every teen’s life, at some point, they are on a roller coaster ride, for this reason it is hard for anyone, even the parents, to distinguish depression from just a plain bad day. This is why it is important for parents to know what to look for, otherwise something bad may happen. One sign to watch for is their grades in school, if you have to, go around and meet with the teachers to see how they are doing in classes and how they are acting when you are not around. As some teens get depressed they sometimes begin not to care for their grades and may not try too hard to keep up in classes. Teens also may begin to isolate themselves from friends and family and only hang around in their room by themselves or try and try to get moments for themselves. If someone’s depressed their sleeping patterns may change, either they’ll sleep all the time, or not at all. They may also act out more, either for the attention, hoping someone will notice their needs or just to irritate others. If you’re depressed you’re often more irritable yourself, you may start to feel guilty but may have no reason to, you may make rash decisions and go through with things without thinking of the outcome. Lastly, you may make the most devastating decision of threatening suicide, or even worse, going through with it.
“Most children suffering from depression don’t say they’re sad. They don’t even appear gloomy,” says child psychiatrist Paramjit Kaur Joshi, M.D. of Johns Hopkins. “Instead, they’re often extremely irritable.” Depression has an effect on a lot of people, most of all the people who care. Depression causes stress on everyone, who is involved with the depressed person, they may try to help but usually the person who is depressed believes that no one cares for them in them and will basically tell everyone and anyone to “take a hike”. Depression in a teen’s life may make the parents feel as if it’s entirely their fault but it’s not. Sometimes which is basically most of the time the effects of depression will take a very drastic turn for the worse. In saying this, I am speaking of suicide.
In some cases teens are able to deal with what they are going through and get the help they need, while others feel there’s not use. Some teens also feel as if they are the cause for everything that has been going wrong all around them, and think that by killing themselves the world would be a better place for everyone. In most cases some parents know, or have an idea, that their child may be suicidal, but usually the topic doesn’t arise. This is because parents believe that if they do talk to their teens about suicide they will get ideas and attempt it to escape any problems. The parents are wrong in doing this because if the teen knows that someone cares they may feel better about everything that has been happening. This way if they are talked to they will be able to express their feelings and maybe get the help that they need and deserve. Suicide occurs when someone has unclear thoughts and they mix with their depression resulting in a deadly outcome. Suicide is the leading killer in the United States among people ages 10-24 and it is the second largest killer for teens ages 15-19, with accidents being the first. Teen suicides are attempted by both male and female. Teen boys are five times more likely to commit suicide over girls, but the girls are more likely to attempt suicide. This is because boys tend to find more violent and successful ways.
Firearms are also used in 50% of all the suicide cases, and the numbers are also increasing. In 1990 alone 12,000 deaths due to suicide were caused by the use of guns. In these 12,000 deaths 2,000 of them were teens. If you are able to steer away from suicide, treatment is key. There are three ways that I know of to help survive depression. The better ways include family members and close loved ones because you know that they really care. Antidepressants are drugs that alter the chemicals in your body to a neutral state, which helps with depression, but sometimes this is not the way to go since people have been known to get a little too addicted. Psychotherapy is one on one sessions with a psychiatrist who may be able to see why you were depressed and help to make you understand yourself and why you feel the ways that you do. The best way to go is Help Groups because this way you are around people that you know have gone through the same kind of thing and will understand you better. But also the reason that this is so good is because you are allowed to bring family and friends so that you will be able to go through it with people who care for you and whom you care about. Everywhere you go, you hear people saying that the children are the future. If these children and teens are depressed now, how will it be in 20 years when they have high ranking jobs which influence everyone so much? They may still be depressed if no one reached out for them and their needs. Don’t forget that they will be paying your social security. Somehow you will have to repay them for that, listening and helping them with their problems now will do just that. As you always hear people say, “It’ll make the world a better place.” The sooner that these teens and children are helped the better. “In this century each generation has experienced major depressions at earlier ages, and the next generations have even higher risks.”
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